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“Masterful. . . . Evans demonstrates a fluent style and a sweeping grasp of the Third Reich’s history and of the enormous historical literature. . . . Evans’s fellow historians as well as a broader public will read this work, not quite with pleasure, for there is little joy in this story, but with admiration for the author’s narrative powers.” ―Publisher’s Weekly (starred review)

A New York Times bestseller!

An absorbing, revelatory, and definitive account of one of the greatest tragedies in human history


Adroitly blending narrative, description, and analysis, Richard J. Evans portrays a society rushing headlong to self-destruction and taking much of Europe with it. Interweaving a broad narrative of the war''s progress from a wide range of people, Evans reveals the dynamics of a society plunged into war at every level. The great battles and events of the conflict are here, but just as telling is Evans''s re- creation of the daily experience of ordinary Germans in wartime. At the center of the book is the Nazi extermi­nation of the Jews. The final book in Richard J. Evan''s three-volume history of Hitler''s Germany, hailed "a masterpiece" by The New York Times, The Third Reich at War lays bare the most momentous and tragic years of the Nazi regime.

Review

“Masterful. . . . Evans demonstrates a fluent style and a sweeping grasp of the Third Reich’s history and of the enormous historical literature. . . . Evans narrates the Reich’s end in gripping fashion as the Allies closed in on Germany. Evans’s fellow historians as well as a broader public will read this work, not quite with pleasure, for there is little joy in this story, but with admiration for the author’s narrative powers.” ― Publisher’s Weekly (starred review)

About the Author

Richard J. Evans was born in London and educated at Oxford University. He has taught at Columbia University and Birkbeck, University of London, and since 2014 has been the Regius Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Cambridge. His many publications include an acclaimed three-volume history of the Third Reich and a recent collection of essays,  The Third Reich in History and Memory. A Fellow of the British Academy and the Royal Society of Literature, he is a past winner of the Wolfson History Prize, and was twice a History Honoree at the Los Angeles Times Book Awards. In 2012 he was appointed Knight Bachelor in the Queen’s birthday honors list, for services to scholarship.

Excerpt. © Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.

Note: The views or opinions expressed in this book and the context in which the images are used do not necessarily reflect the views or policy of, nor imply approval or endorsement by, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Preface

This book tells the story of the Third Reich, the regime created in Germany by Hitler and his National Socialists, from the outbreak of the Second World War on 1 September 1939 to its end in Europe on 8 May 1945. It can be read on its own, as a history of Germany during the war. But it is also the final volume in a series of three, starting with The Coming of the Third Reich, which deals with the origins of Nazism, the development of its ideas and its rise to power in 1933. The second volume in the series, The Third Reich in Power, covers the peacetime years from 1933 to 1939, when Hitler and the Nazis built up Germany’s military strength and prepared it for war. The general approach of all three volumes is set out in the Preface to The Coming of the Third Reich and does not need to be repeated in detail here. Taken together, they aim to provide a comprehensive account of Germany under the Nazis.


Dealing with the history of the Third Reich during the war poses two special problems. The first is a relatively minor one. After 1939, Hitler and the Nazis became increasingly reluctant to refer to their regime as ‘The Third Reich’, preferring instead to call it ‘The Great German Reich’ (Grossdeutsches Reich) to draw attention to the massive expansion of its boundaries that took place in 1939-40. For the sake of unity and consistency, however, I have chosen, like other historians, to continue calling it ‘The Third Reich’; after all, the Nazis chose to abandon this term silently rather than repudiate it openly. The second problem is more serious. The central focus of this book is on Germany and the Germans; it is not a history of the Second World War, not even of the Second World War in Europe. Nevertheless, of course, it is necessary to narrate the progress of the war, and to deal with the Germans’ administration of the parts of Europe they conquered. Within the scope even of so large a book as this, it is not possible to pay equal attention to every phase and every aspect of the war. I have chosen, therefore, to focus on the major turning-points - the conquest of Poland and France and the Battle of Britain in the first year of the war, the Battle of Moscow in the winter of 1941- 2, the Battle of Stalingrad in the winter of 1942- 3, and the beginning of the sustained strategic bombing of German cities in 1943. In doing so, I have tried to convey something of the flavour of what it was like for Germans to take part in these vast conflicts, using the diaries and letters of both soldiers and civilians. The reasons for choosing these particular turning-points will, I hope, become apparent to readers in the course of the book.


At the heart of German history in the war years lies the mass murder of millions of Jews in what the Nazis called ‘the final solution of the Jewish question in Europe’. This book provides a full narrative of the development and implementation of this policy of genocide, while also setting it in the broader context of Nazi racial policies towards the Slavs, and towards minorities such as Gypsies, homosexuals, petty criminals and ‘asocials’. I have tried to combine the testimony of some of those it affected - both those who survived, and those who did not - with that of some of the men who implemented it, including the commandants of major death camps. The deportation and murder of Jews from Western European countries is covered in the chapter dealing with the Nazi empire, while the reactions of ordinary Germans at home, and the extent to which they knew about the genocide, are covered in a later chapter on the Home Front. The fact that the mass murder of the Jews is discussed in almost every part of the book, from the narrative of the foundation of the ghettos in Poland in the opening chapter right up to the coverage of the ‘death marches’ of 1945 in the final chapter, reflects its centrality to so many aspects of the history of the Third Reich at war. Wherever one looks, even for example in the history of music and literature, dealt with in Chapter 6, it is an inescapable part of the story. Nevertheless, it is important to reiterate that this book is a history of Nazi Germany in all its aspects; it is not in the first place a history of the extermination of the Jews, any more than it is a history of the Second World War, though both play an essential role in it.


The book opens where The Third Reich in Power left off, with the invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939. Chapter 1 discusses the Germans’ occupation of Poland and in particular their ill-treatment, exploitation and murder of many thousands of Poles and Polish Jews from this point to the eve of the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941. For the Nazis, and indeed for many Germans, Poles and ‘Eastern Jews’ were less than human, and this attitude applied, though with significant differences, to the mentally ill and handicapped in Germany itself, whose mass murder in the course of the ‘euthanasia’ action steered from Hitler’s Chancellery in Berlin forms the subject of the last part of the chapter. The second chapter is largely devoted to the progress of the war, from the conquest of Western Europe in 1940 through to the Russian campaign of 1941. That campaign forms the essential backdrop to the events narrated in Chapter 3, which deals with the launching and implementation of what the Nazis called ‘the final solution of the Jewish question in Europe’. Chapter 4 turns to the war economy, and looks at how the Third Reich ruled the countries it occupied in Europe, drafting in millions of forced labourers to man its arms factories and pushing ahead with the arrest, deportation and murder of the Jews who lived within the boundaries of the Nazi empire. That empire began to fall apart with the momentous German defeat at the Battle of Stalingrad early in 1943, which is narrated in the concluding part of the chapter. It was followed the same year by reversals in many spheres of the war, from the devastation of Germany’s towns and cities by the Allied strategic bombing offensive to the defeat of Rommel’s armies in North Africa and the collapse of the Third Reich’s main European ally, the Fascist state of Mussolini’s Italy. These events form the principal focus of Chapter 5, which goes on to examine the way they affected the armed forces, and the impact they had on the conduct of the war at home. Chapter 6 is largely devoted to the ‘Home Front’, and looks at how religious, social, cultural and scientific life interacted with the war. It concludes with an account of the emergence of resistance to Nazism, particularly within the Third Reich itself. Chapter 7 begins with an account of the ‘wonder-weapons’ which Hitler promised would reverse Germany’s military collapse, before going on to tell the story of how the Reich was finally defeated, and to examine briefly what happened afterwards. Each chapter interweaves thematic aspects with an ongoing narrative of military events, so that Chapter 1 deals with military action in 1939, Chapter 2 covers 1940 and 1941, Chapter 3 discusses further military events in 1941, Chapter 4 takes the story on through 1942, Chapter 5 narrates the war on land, in the air and at sea in 1943, Chapter 6 moves the narrative on through 1944, and the final chapter gives an account of the closing months of the war, from January to May 1945.


This book is written to be read from start to finish, as a single, if complex, narrative, interspersed with description and analysis; I hope that the ways in which the different parts of the story interact with one another will become apparent to readers as the narrative proceeds. The chapter headings are intended more to provoke reflection on the contents than to provide precise descriptions of what each chapter contains; in some cases they are intentionally ambiguous or ironical. Anyone who wishes to use the book simply as a work of reference is recommended to turn to the index, where the location of the book’s principal themes, characters and events is laid out in detail. The bibliography lists works cited in the notes; it is not intended to be a comprehensive guide to the vast literature on the topics dealt with in the book.


Much of this book deals with countries in Central and Eastern Europe where towns and cities have a variety of names and spellings in different languages. The Polish city of Lvov, for example, is spelt L’vov in Russian and L’viv in Ukrainian, while the Germans called it something different altogether, namely Lemberg; there are similar variations in the spelling of Kaunas in Lithuanian and Kovno in Polish, Theresienstadt in German and Terez’n in Czech, or Reval in German and Tallinn in Estonian. The Nazi authorities also renamed L’d’ as Litzmannstadt in an attempt to obliterate all aspects of its Polish identity altogether and used German names for a variety of other sites, such as Kulmhof for Chelmno, or Auschwitz for Oswiecim. In this situation it is impossible to be consistent, and I have chosen to use the name current at the time about which I am writing, or on occasion simply the name with which English and American readers will be most familiar, while alerting them to the existence of alternatives. I have also simplified the use of accents and diacriticals in place-names and proper names - dropping the Polish character Ł, for instance - to remove what to my mind are distractions for the English-language reader.


In the preparation of this book I have enjoyed the huge advantage of access to the superb collections of Cambridge University Library, as well as to those of the Wiener Library and the German Historical Institute in London. The University of Melbourne kindly appointed me to a Miegunyah Distinguished Visiting Fellowship in 2007, and I was able to use the excellent research collection on modern German history purchased for the University Library from the bequest of the late, and much-missed, John Foster. The Staatsarchiv der Freien- und Hansestadt Hamburg and the Forschungsstelle f̈r Zeitgeschichte in Hamburg kindly permitted consultation of the unpublished diaries of Luise Solmitz. The encouragement of many readers, especially in the United States, has been crucial in spurring me on to complete the book, though it has taken longer to do so than I originally intended. The advice and support of many friends and colleagues has been crucial. My agent Andrew Wylie and my editor at Penguin, Simon Winder, and their teams have been enormously helpful. Chris Clark, Christian Goeschel, Victoria Harris, Sir Ian Kershaw, Richard Overy, Kristin Semmens, Astrid Swenson, Hester Vaizey and Nikolaus Wachsmann read early drafts and made many useful suggestions. Victoria Harris, Stefan Ihrig, Alois Maderspacher, David Motadel, Tom Neuhaus and Hester Vaizey checked through the notes and saved me from many errors. Andr’s Berezn’y provided maps that are a model of clarity and accuracy; working on them with him was extremely instructive. The expertise of David Watson in copy-editing was invaluable, and it was a pleasure to work with Cecilia Mackay on the illustrations. Christine L. Corton applied her practised eye to the proofs, and provided essential support in too many ways to mention. Our sons, Matthew and Nicholas, to whom this final volume, like the previous two, is dedicated, have cheered me up on innumerable occasions during the writing of a book the subject matter of which was sometimes shocking and depressing almost beyond belief. I am profoundly grateful to them all.
 
 

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Magnitude
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
And much more besides
Reviewed in the United States on November 3, 2016
Evans has written what will probably be the defining history of the Third Reich in the war years for some time. I''ve read all three of the books in this series, and this was the best of the three. It''s difficult to summarize adequately, and it certainly deserves a second... See more
Evans has written what will probably be the defining history of the Third Reich in the war years for some time. I''ve read all three of the books in this series, and this was the best of the three. It''s difficult to summarize adequately, and it certainly deserves a second read. I know a lot about the military events described here, and this book sort of fills out the German experience built on an outline of those events.

Evans casts a wide view at many aspects of German life during the war years, ranging from the careers of musicians to everyday soldiers. Central, though, to the whole thing is the inter-relationship of Nazi crimes against humanity and how antisemitism, especially, touched every aspect of German society.

Evans demonstrates solidly how preparation for war was a driving force in German economic measures immediately before the war. The Nazis were aiming to create a racial utopia, and exacted this in a number of murderous policies. Evans tries to be even-handed to all victims (including the disabled, the Gypsies, homosexuals, and others). That said, it becomes clear, from beginning to end, how motivated the Nazis were by antisemitism. In this sense, the Holocaust is part of the wider war, a war against the Jewish "world-enemy." Among his many statements, Hitler''s last political manifesto makes this unequivocally clear. It was his parting message to the world, and perhaps best sums up his meaning and legacy.

Through it all, I found Evans to be appropriately dispassionate as he related the grim details. Too, he has an eye for the human touch, weaving in diaries from representative, everyday "characters" throughout this journey. Beyond these diaries, he relies a lot on a close reading of the German security reports from the time, which used interviews and overheard conversations to give the higher-ups a picture of what Germans were really thinking. Through these, Evans manages to inject some humor into this narrative. The security officers were careful to record anti-regime jokes, which to someone reading this book provide a bit of much-needed levity.

These jokes, diaries, and other accounts show that not all Germans were marching along with the Nazis, especially as the war went on. The Germans, according to Evans, did learn about the mass killings of Jews and others, and they felt guilty about what was being done in their name. As a result, the Allied bombing seemed to some to be a just retribution. In any event, these were two key developments that caused many Germans to look at the regime skeptically. The Nazis were murdering innocent people, and the Nazis couldn''t defend their own people in a war they started. Resistance movements were small and weren''t very effective, by and large. The Gestapo managed to stop most of these movements. Even the military bomb plotters didn''t achieve much, in the end.

I can only give you a taste of what awaits you here. I''d say that this is a good book for someone who wants to understand what Nazi Germany was about in the war years. It''s less useful as a chronology of the military side of things (Evans relies heavily on Gerhard Weinberg''s "A World at Arms"). If you''re like me and know a lot about the military aspects, but want to understand what the Nazis were fighting for politically, this is a comprehensive account. I''d also say that this is probably the one volume to read, and that one could start the trilogy here, to see if you like his style and analysis. If not, readers should get a lot out of this one volume; Evans also refers back to earlier events as background.

The Kindle version had the standard amount of typos. Words that had diacritical marks (such as any word with an umlaut) got garbled in the Kindle edition. Also, there are plenty of maps, but most are too small in the Kindle format to be helpful. In any event, none of this should impact reading; it didn''t mine.
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Julian Douglass
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Fantastic History. Fantastic Triolgy
Reviewed in the United States on January 6, 2020
Bravo! Bravo Mr. Evans! What an unbelievable trilogy and what an unbelievable final book. The attention to detail and the analysis that was in each of these books really shows a whole new light on the Third Reich and how evil the Nazi''s really were. The combination of... See more
Bravo! Bravo Mr. Evans! What an unbelievable trilogy and what an unbelievable final book. The attention to detail and the analysis that was in each of these books really shows a whole new light on the Third Reich and how evil the Nazi''s really were. The combination of military and civilian life that was explained during the war is amazing, and he presents the evidence in a way that is very easy to read. While the book is about 800 pages of very detailed history, I feel that it is worth reading. As Mr. Evans says in his first book, this is not for experts on the Third Reich, but even for someone who knows a good deal on the regime, there is a lot of new information presented in this book, as for the other two.

Read all three, but this one is probably the best out of them. Take the analysis that he presents at the end of each chapter to heart. He busts myths about the Reich, he gives the situation in Germany in the broader scope of the world, and uses a ton of resources to document the regime. Fantastic read. Cannot say enough about this book. I was looking forward to reading it. 500/5 stars. Best book that I have read in 2019.
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Marcus
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Total Violence
Reviewed in the United States on November 5, 2016
This book is about the Third Reich development during the Second World War and not a history of the war itself. The author describes the steps adopted by the Nazi State in war, since the invasion of Poland. Special attention is paid to the eugenic ideology of Nazism. The... See more
This book is about the Third Reich development during the Second World War and not a history of the war itself. The author describes the steps adopted by the Nazi State in war, since the invasion of Poland. Special attention is paid to the eugenic ideology of Nazism. The mass murder of gypsies, jew and mental sickness are referred. The final solution of the Jewish question produced the murder by german troops of 5.5 million jews (6 million with the help of german''s allies). The book gave special attention to it. The war economy and the war machine in german are described and confronted with the allies effort in war time. The main battles in the west and east fronts are mentioned by the author, in order to show the german concept of total war. Interesting and useful remarks are given about the morality of the Third Reich as it appears in literature, movies, theater, radio and arts. In the final chapters, contemplating the defeat of Nazism, the author mentioned the suicides of many nazi officials and the judgments of others. The legacy of the Third Reich, so argues Richard Evans, consists in revealing the possibilities of totalitarianism. One must learn with history.
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Christian Schlect
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
The Third and Final Reich
Reviewed in the United States on April 25, 2017
A well-researched, well-written history of Adolf Hitler''s Germany at war. Professor Evans deserves all the honors he has received for this and the preceding two volumes of his magnificent trilogy on the Third Reich. The story here is of Germany from 1939 to... See more
A well-researched, well-written history of Adolf Hitler''s Germany at war. Professor Evans deserves all the honors he has received for this and the preceding two volumes of his magnificent trilogy on the Third Reich.

The story here is of Germany from 1939 to 1945; its leadership, its military, its people, its economy, the Holocaust, its final defeat. The "why" of it all.

This is not a book covering other combatants or theaters of war, such as the Pacific. It, in other words, is not a full history of World War II.

While it took me time to finish all three books, it was well worth the effort. It serves to remind one of terrible events that occurred not that long past, given the grand sweep of history, It also puts into perspective, with all current geopolitical strife, that we live in a much better and safer world than that experienced by Europeans in the last, and most bloody of centuries.
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Mary L. Kenosian
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
The best of breadth and depth about the 3rd Reich at war.
Reviewed in the United States on August 21, 2017
Terrific history, thorough details woven into a comprehensive and comprehensible history. If you want a good, thorough history that includes every source imaginable, this is it. One quibble with the writing: the author frequently piles up negatives in one sentence.... See more
Terrific history, thorough details woven into a comprehensive and comprehensible history. If you want a good, thorough history that includes every source imaginable, this is it.
One quibble with the writing: the author frequently piles up negatives in one sentence. Simple sample-"It was not uncommon for..."
One time there were so many, 4 in one long sentence, so that I had to start diagramming the sentence to figure out what it meant.
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Carrah C.
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Important history, well written; brilliant scholarship
Reviewed in the United States on May 11, 2021
This book arrived in Like New condition! Thanks for that, it is in better condition than it was advertised. It is a brilliant conclusion (it is vol III) of a trilogy and is the best thing I have ever read on the Nazi party as as whole. It is packed with highly relevant... See more
This book arrived in Like New condition! Thanks for that, it is in better condition than it was advertised. It is a brilliant conclusion (it is vol III) of a trilogy and is the best thing I have ever read on the Nazi party as as whole. It is packed with highly relevant information and is equally well written. I couldn''t be happier with the book''s condition and content. I am in awe of the accomplishment of Sir Richard J. Evans.
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David H. MacCallum
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a hideous story well told
Reviewed in the United States on December 25, 2011
There are very few stories as complex and compelling as the rise and fall of the Nazi regime in Germany during World War II. Richard Evans'' final volume in his three-part history of the Third Reich is an absorbing conclusion to the earlier two volumes which told the story... See more
There are very few stories as complex and compelling as the rise and fall of the Nazi regime in Germany during World War II. Richard Evans'' final volume in his three-part history of the Third Reich is an absorbing conclusion to the earlier two volumes which told the story of Hitler''s rise to power and his rapid remilitarization of Germany in the 1930''s.

Adolph Hitler, the Leader of the German nation, seemed unclear in the war''s aims as it started. At first, the war seemed to be about expanding the living space for the German people, although the geography of Europe seemed to present no threat or, for that matter, little opportunity to Germany. Rather quickly, however, the goal of the war transformed into its larger, and more ghastly, form: the eradication of Jews throughout Europe. How one of the most civilized people on the planet could have been complicit with this hideous program, which ultimately led to the death of more than six million Jews, is beyond comprehension.

Evans tells the story of the war in familiar terms. He deals with the bloody conquest of Poland, dealing death and destruction on an ancient, innocent people, and then he tells the hideous story of the German army as it turns westward, finishing off a crumbling France in a month and a half. The performance of the French army, superior in many ways to the German forces, was close to inexplicable but the fall of France nevertheless was complete and humiliating.

Evans goes far deeper into the German culture and psyche than most traditional accounts of the war. One is left, at the end of this, with no good rationale as to how a people who had so much economic, cultural and social momentum during the 1930''s could have allowed such an enormously disturbed individual lead the country into the darkness of the war. The history of the German military campaigns is well known and Evans deals with these battles with a broad brush but, even though familiar, his account is absorbing. The battle with Russia, beginning in the late summer of 1941, culminated in the destruction of the large parts of the German army in its assault on Stalingrad a year later.

The German people were, by and large, thrilled by the early military successes but increasingly their regard for Hitler weakened as the costs of the war became evident. Allied air forces began a relentless campaign of bombing German cities and industrial centers and this took its toll, at first gradually and then more rapidly, as Germans realized that the war was becoming unwinnable.
The contribution of Evans'' final volume in a three part series that runs close to 2,000 pages is to dig deeper into the German mind as it controlled most of Europe for at least three years. In the end, one is left with the thought that the reasons for Germans to have conducted such a devastating and cruel war remain inscrutable. It took a charismatic and deranged leader to start the machine rolling but it required a willing population to support such a disastrous war.

Evans writing is direct and relentlessly factual. The book is long, more than 750 pages, but it is such a superb story, with a different point of view than the many thousands of books on the military aspects of the war. It is well worth the effort to understand not solely what happened but why it happened.
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CJA
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Magnificent
Reviewed in the United States on October 11, 2010
This is the last of three volumes that together stand as the definitive history of the Third Reich. The ultimate question Evans struggles with, and that we all struggle with, is the extent to which ordinary Germans were complicit in the Reich. Given the extent of the... See more
This is the last of three volumes that together stand as the definitive history of the Third Reich. The ultimate question Evans struggles with, and that we all struggle with, is the extent to which ordinary Germans were complicit in the Reich. Given the extent of the slaughter on the Eastern Front, the network of concentration camps, and the use of 8 to 12 million persons for slave labor, the Nazi''s crimes necessarily required the active and enthusiastic participation by hundreds of thousands if not millions of Germans. There was no problem enlisting the necessary fanatics. Nor should we be surprised, knowing what we know about human nature, that a significant minority of persons are delighted to do evil once the ordinary constraints of civilization break down during wartime.

But what about the majority of Germans? What about the 63% of Germans who did not vote for the Nazis in 1933? What about the vast majority of Germans whoe dreaded the coming of the war and who were unenthusiastic when Hitler renewed the fight with the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941?

It is clear that no one opposed the brutal destruction of Poland in 1939. This is hardly to Germany''s credit and does indicate the extent to which German''s viewed expansion in middle Europe as their birthright -- an authoritarian and imperial consensus that Hitler used to gain support for his regime and to give it legitimacy.

Evans argues that at some level of generality, all Germans were aware of the crimes of the regime. Clearly, people were being enslaved and stories about round ups of Jews and other civilians on the Eastern Front were making the rounds. At best, Germans could claim "deniability." They arguably did not know about the worst crimes. But the slave labor and disappearances of the Jews and the racism of the regime were there for all to see. The enthusiastic support of such radical policies by a fanatical base minority and the acquiescence of the majority made the whole nation complicit. Evans argues that by the time the Russians were at the gates in 1945 and Goebbels argued for a last ditch stand, the Germans were resigned to their fate. Ordinary Germans had a guilt complex by then -- they knew this was payback for what the fanatics had done on the Eastern Front. This guilt, and the ability of the Germans to succeed economically in the 1950s under a Democracy (in contrast to the Weimar experience), finally solved the "German Problem" that plagued the Twentieth Century and allowed Germany to become a peace-loving nation.

Violence was at the core of the Third Reich, Evans argues. The majority of Germans refused to see this, but were complicit with the regime and were responsible for the consequences. It is foolish to talk about whether Hitler could have won the war by invading Britain or by invading the Middle East full scale instead of invading Russia. The latter course would have resolved the resource problem, but it was never an option. The Nazis took their primitive ideology quite seriously. There had to be a death struggle with the Russians so that the most superior race (presumably the Germans) would emerge supreme. To the surprise of the majority of Germans, the Nazis were always quite serious about this ideology.

Despite the Nazi''s brutal tactics in suppressing subject peoples, and despite wide scale collaboration, effective resitance did emerge. This was particularly the case in the East where it became very clear to the subject peoples that they had nothing to lose. This resistance encourages one to think that even had Hitler won militarily, the regime was inherently unstable in the long run and would have been doomed by a deadly and committed insurgency.

By the end of the war, the Germans themselves are completely subjugated. They survived on starvation rations, both sexes worked long hours, and the young and old alike were drafted into the army. Clearly, Hitler''s regime was able to mobilize complete support and sacrifice despite the reservations of a majority of Germans.

The lesson I take from all this is that there is nothing particularly unique about the Germans when it comes to being complicit in the worst evil. The story of the Third Reich is the story of human nature, and not a pretty one.
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Top reviews from other countries

Paul Schwager
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
The best of three volumes
Reviewed in Canada on July 14, 2021
Having read all three volumes on the Third Reich by Evans, I enjoyed this one the most, followed by The Third Reich in Power. I learned things about the Nazis that I''d not read before. Overall, Evans made what might be dry topics interesting. I''ll read it again.
Having read all three volumes on the Third Reich by Evans, I enjoyed this one the most, followed by The Third Reich in Power. I learned things about the Nazis that I''d not read before. Overall, Evans made what might be dry topics interesting. I''ll read it again.
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Vince Marinelli
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Magisterial
Reviewed in Canada on February 11, 2013
This is the third volume of Evans''s history of the Nazis. If you''re interested in the subject, it''s a must read. A Must Read. It''s readable despite being a hefty tome. If you''re going to read one book on the second world war in Europe, this should be it.
This is the third volume of Evans''s history of the Nazis. If you''re interested in the subject, it''s a must read. A Must Read. It''s readable despite being a hefty tome. If you''re going to read one book on the second world war in Europe, this should be it.
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Chris K
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Good read
Reviewed in Canada on December 9, 2016
A good but disturbing history of the war period and the Nazi atrocities.
A good but disturbing history of the war period and the Nazi atrocities.
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John Hallam
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Five Stars
Reviewed in Canada on October 30, 2017
good product
good product
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Mário
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
muito bom
Reviewed in Brazil on August 23, 2014
Muito bom para wuem conhecer a história do terceiro Reich contada pelos vencendores do conflito. Pena que noeu kindle( android 4.2). aparecem erros de formatação. Mas como disse o libro é muito bom!
Muito bom para wuem conhecer a história do terceiro Reich contada pelos vencendores do conflito. Pena que noeu kindle( android 4.2). aparecem erros de formatação. Mas como disse o libro é muito bom!
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